Usually, since the basement in underground/below ground level, there is always a chance of flooding when there are water leaks from the pipes or the boiler. So to avoid this, the sump pump comes in. A sump pump is kept in places under a building to keep the place free from flooding. They are usually kept into a pit called a sump pit where the water is drained through pipes or the soil through natural means. Its job is to pump the water in places which is away from the building so that the place does not have further flooding in case it is hit by one and to keep it dry.
The need for sump pump:
With a survey done by the ASHI(American Society of Home Inspectors), they stated that more than 60 percent of American homes usually have below ground wetness which usually seeps up to the above ground in the basement and causes flooding. If this isn’t taken care of, then the damages that are caused to appliances which are electric, and others would be thousands of dollars, which isn’t something that people want to be having. It can also cause mold and other plant-like species to grow, and this would cause health-related and breathing problems for the inhabitants of the home, especially children.
Sump pumps are usually kept in houses which have frequent flooding. For example, it is those houses which are placed in places which have high snowing that has the most risk of flooding. With all this, the US legislation including the US federal clean water act in 1987 made sure that all houses in these basement flood-prone areas do have a sump pump installed in their homes.
The working process:
Today all houses which are newly constructed have a sump pump. A sump pump is kept into a pit called a sump pit. As the pit gets filled with water, the pump gets switched on, and this causes the liquid in the pit to be pushed out away from the house into other places which can be used for other purposes. They have a security measure called a check valve that ensures that the water doesn’t come back flowing into the pump. Most of these pumps have sensors which switch on automatically once it detects that there is water filling up into the pit. Compared to this pump, there is a pump called a pedestal pump that keeps pumps which are not waterproof away from the pit. They still function as a normal sump pump. They are louder but are less expensive and more easily accessible than a sump pump. in addition to all this, make sure that you have a backup system ready in case it fails. This is especially useful in times of high flooding. If you are in need for a sump pump check out sump pump advisor for good quality pumps which you can fit in your homes.